Advertiser Disclosure

Defining a House Style: What Is a Ranch Home?

ranch style house
jhorrocks/ Getty Images
ranch style house

jhorrocks/ Getty Images

Until recently, the ranch home was the most popular home style in America. However, have you ever stopped to wonder what made this style capture our hearts for decades?It’s time to take a closer look at exactly what goes into a ranch home. Read on to learn more about its history, the distinct types and some distinguishing characteristics. Chances are good that by the end of this post, you’ll fall in love with ranch homes all over again.

History of ranch homes

The inspiration for ranch-style homes as we know them today can be traced back to North American Spanish Colonial architecture. Like ranches, these homes often featured single-story options that were best for battling the Southwestern heat. Rooflines were low with wide eaves. These homes were often U-shaped rather than straight across, but it’s easy to see the similarities.By the 1920s, true ranchers — though they were then known as “ramblers” — came into existence. The style experienced its true boom in popularity after World War II, where its ease of construction and customizability made it a favorite among the many returning soldiers who were looking to settle down with their families.By the 1950s, ranch mania had hit full swing. This style of home accounted for nine out every 10 new homes in America, and each region had put its own spin on the look. It wasn’t until the 1970s, when tastes veered more toward two-story living again, that production truly slowed down.

ranch style exteriors

moodboard/ Getty Images

Types of ranch homes

California ranch

Originally designed by architect Cliff May for his own personal use, this style of home was meant to be sprawling and to blend in with the California landscape. It borrows influence from the Arts and Crafts movement, as well as Spanish Colonial architecture. These homes stand out for their L- or U-shape with a courtyard in the middle.

Suburban ranch

This is the version of the ranch that was made popular in the post-World War II boom. These homes are essentially smaller, simplified versions of the California originals. They’re often built on concrete slabs and feature tract material. However, they still share the open concept floorplan and connection with the outdoors with their predecessors.

Split-level ranch

Though these houses look like a traditional suburban ranch from the street, they actually feature three levels of living. In these homes, the front door leads into the main living area, dining room and kitchen. Then, on one side of the home, there is a half-staircase leading up to the bedrooms and another half-staircase leading down to additional living space.

Raised ranch

Sometimes called split-entry houses, these homes got their name from the fact that, when you walk in the door, you have a choice between walking up or downstairs. In these homes, utilitarian spaces like garages and rec rooms are often directly beneath the kitchen, bedrooms and main living area.

Storybook ranch

Also known as Cinderella ranches, these homes distinguish themselves: Unlike the simple exteriors common in ranch homes, these are full of charm. Exposed rafters, diamond-shaped window panes and ornamental trim are common features.

ranch home

JamesBrey/ Getty Images

Defining features of a ranch home


  • Long, low-pitch roofline
  • A mix of materials on the exterior (most commonly stucco, wood, brick or stone)
  • Cross-gabled, side-gabled or hip roof
  • Deep, overhanging eaves
  • Large windows
  • Sliding glass doors
  • Attached garages
  • Back patio


  • Single-story living
  • Open concept living area, dining room and kitchen
  • Separated bedrooms (usually three)
  • Full basement
  • Simple adornments and architectural details

With simple trappings and lots of opportunities for customization, it’s no surprise that ranch homes are stl popular today. Does this style attract you, too?

Related Articles

Ask a Sleep Expert: How to Get a Good Night’s Sleep During a Move
Ask a Sleep Expert: How to Get a Good Night’s Sleep During a Move

Moving can be one of the most stressful life experiences a person can go through. And during the moving process, some of us may find it more difficult to get a good night’s sleep.  To get a better understanding of how the moving process can affect a person’s sleep quality, we spoke with Nationally-Board Certified […]

Read More
New Year, New Home: Five Recipes for Your Year of Firsts
New Year, New Home: Five Recipes for Your Year of Firsts

This is paid content. It was written and produced by MYMOVE in partnership with Home Chef. Whether you love to cook or you struggle to put together a PB&J, the moving process will have the best of us scrambling to put something edible on the table. That’s why meal delivery services like Home Chef are […]

Read More
MYMOVE Gift Guide: Everything You Need to Crush Your Goals for 2023
MYMOVE Gift Guide: Everything You Need to Crush Your Goals for 2023

The products featured here are independently selected based on thorough research from our editorial team. If you buy something through links on our site, we may receive a commission. The holidays are a time for resting and connecting with people you love, but it’s also a great opportunity to look forward to the year ahead. […]

Read More